National Historic Landmarks


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121 Virginia National Historic Landmarks


Adam Thoroughgood House (Virginia Beach) - 6/21/2013
This is current structure was most likely the ca 1720 house of the great-grandson of Adam Thoroughgood, an indentured servant who arrived in Virginia in 1622.
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Alexandria Historic District (Alexandria) - 9/18/2017
Encompassing all of the city's Old Town and some adjacent areas, it contains one of the nation's best-preserved assemblages of the late-18th and early-19th century urban architecture.
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Aquia Church (Stafford)- 6/20/2013
This is an Episcopal church, established by the then-state Church of England, and designed on a relatively rare Greek Cross plan, less common for colonial churches.
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Bacon's Castle - 4/9/1998
One of the oldest dateable brick buildings in the state, the house became known as "Bacon's Castle" because it was occupied as a fort or "castle" by the followers of Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon's Rebellion in 1676.
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Benjamin Banneker SW 9 Boundary Stone (Arlington) - 1/30/2017
A surveyors' boundary marker stone, along what was once a boundary of Washington, DC, honoring the surveyor’s assistant.
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Berkeley - 2/16/1998
One of the first great estates in America, on the banks of the James River it is the ancestral home to two Presidents of the United States: William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison.
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Bruton Parish Church (Williamsburg)- 6/21/2013
An active Episcopal parish established in 1674 in the Virginia Colony.
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Cape Henry Lighthouse - 5/11/1996
The first lighthouse authorized by the U.S. government, dating from 1792, protecting shipping headed to ports on the Chesapeake Bay.
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Cedar Grove Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation - 4/8/2006
The site of the Battle of Cedar Creek, a decisive 1864 Union victory and Belle Grove, the antebellum plantation manor house of Isaac Hite.
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Christ Church (Alexandria) - 9/18/2017
Constructed starting 1765 as the main church in the Church of England's Fairfax Parish, the building was designed by Sir Christopher Wren descendant James Wren.
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Ellen Glasgow House (Richmond) - 10/16/2010
The home of the Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist who portrayed the changing world of the contemporary South.
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Exchange Building (Petersburg) - 10/30/2012
This is Greek Revival structure with a Doric portico fronting part of the entrance facade built for the display of tobacco and cotton, as well a place to hold auctions and sales.
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Five Forks Battlefield - 6/22/2013
This is the area where, late in the war, Grant's troops broke the extended lines of Lee's forces, cutting the last rail line supporting Petersburg, and undermining the defense of Richmond.
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Fort Monroe (Hampton) - 6/21/2013
Completed in 1834, it guarded the navigational channel between the Chesapeake Bay and Hampton Roads.
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Franklin and Armfield Office (Alexandria) - 9/18/2017
Built around 1810, it housed the offices of the largest slave trading firm in the antebellum south, started in 1828 by Isaac Franklin and John Armfield.
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Gadsby's Tavern (Alexandria) - 9/18/2017
Built around 1785, the tavern was a central part of the social, economic, political, and educational life of the city of Alexandria, with guests including 5 Presidents and the Marquis de La Fayette.
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Gari Melchers Home (Falmouth) - 6/22/2013
Also known as Belmont, it was the home and studio of the artist, one of the leading American proponents of naturalism.
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George Washington Boyhood Home (Ferry Farm) - 10/16/2010
The farm and home at which Washington spent much of his childhood, along the northern bank of the Rappahannock River.
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George Washington Masonic Temple National Memorial (Alexandria) - 4/20/2017
The 333-foot Masonic building is fashioned after the ancient Lighthouse of Alexandria, dedicated in 1932 to the memory of the first President of the U.S.
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Gerald R. Ford, Jr. House (Alexandria) - 6/20/2013
The President and his family lived in this rectangular 2-story house from the time of its construction until the Fords moved into the White House in 1974.
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Green Springs Historic District (Green Springs) - 2/14/1998
A number of fine rural manor houses and related buildings in an intact agricultural landscape.
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Hanover County Courthouse (Hanover Courthouse) - 10/16/2010
An historic courthouse, built in 1735, where Patrick Henry, who lived and practiced law in Hanover County, argued the case of the Parson's Cause.
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James Monroe Law Office (Fredericksburg) - 10/16/2010
Used by the future President from 1786 to 1789.
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James Monroe Tomb (Richmond) - 2/15/2009
The burial place for the President in Hollywood Cemetery, formed in a cast iron cage over a simple granite sarcophagus.
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James Semple House (Williamsburg) - 6/21/2013
The design of the 1770 home is attributed to Thomas Jefferson; future president John Tyler resided here while attending school.
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John Tyler House - 4/9/1998
The house at Sherwood Forest Plantation remains, at 300 feet, the longest frame house in America and was the home of the President from 1842 to his death.
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Kenmore (Fredericksburg) - 10/16/2010
The home of Fielding Lewis and George Washington’s sister Betty, built in the 1770s on a 1,300-acre plantation.
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Lightship No. 101 "Portsmouth" (Portsmouth) - 6/21/2013
Built in 1915, she first served as Charles in the Chesapeake Bay outside of Cape Charles, and after a long career is dry-docked as a museum, without having served in Portsmouth.
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Maggie Lena Walker House (Richmond) - 10/4/1997
The home of the African American teacher, businesswoman and first woman to serve as president of a bank in the U.S.
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Main Street Station and Trainshed (Richmond) - 10/16/2010
An historic railroad station and office building built in 1901 in the Second Renaissance Revival style.
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Monticello - 2/15/1998
The 1772 estate of Thomas Jefferson, designed by him based on the neoclassical principles described by Italian Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio.
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Montpelier - 10/15/2010
A large tobacco plantation and estate of the prominent Madison family of Virginia planters, including James Madison.
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Mount Vernon - 11/10/2008
The 1757 plantation home of George Washington, built of wood in neoclassical Georgian style on the banks of the Potomac River.
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New Kent School and George W. Watkins School (New Kent/Quinton) - 6/20/2013
These are two historic schools associated with the landmark Supreme Court case Green v. County School Board of New Kent County (1968), in which the court defined what the standards of Brown v. Board of Education were in the desegregation cases.
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Pentagon - 8/3/2015
Built in 1941, the 6,500,000 sq ft office building is the headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense.
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Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield - 6/22/2013
The location of a Union army breakthrough of the Petersburg to Richmond trenches in April 1865 which lead to abandonment of Richmond by Lee, and surrender one week later.
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Peyton Randolph House (Williamsburg) - 6/21/2013
The home of Peyton Randolph, first President of the Continental Congress.
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Potomac Canal (Historic District) - 4/7/2006
The district contains the remains of an impressively engineered canal built from 1796 to 1802 beside the falls of the Potomac.
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Rising Sun Tavern (Fredericksburg) - 10/16/2010
Built in 1760 as a home by George Washington’s younger brother Charles, becoming a tavern in 1792.
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Shirley - 2/16/1998
Dating back to 1614 with operations starting in 1638, the plantation is the oldest active one in Virginia.
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Skyline Drive - 10/15/2010
A 105-mile road that runs the entire length of Shenandoah National Park in the Blue Ridge Mountains.
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St. Luke’s Church (Smithfield)- 6/20/2013
This 17th century church is the oldest surviving brick church in one of the original thirteen colonies, and is the earliest extant church building of English foundation in the US.
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St. Peter’s Church (New Kent) - 6/20/2013
Built in 1703, the brick in Flemish bond church was designated as "The First Church of the First First-Lady".
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Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters (Winchester) - 4/8/2006
An antebellum home owned by Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Tilghman Moore, used as the headquarters for the Confederate Major General.
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Tredegar Iron Works (Richmond) - 3/22/2015
Opened in 1837, it was the third-largest iron manufacturer in the US during the Civil War, serving as the primary Confederate iron and artillery production facility.
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Tuckahoe Plantation (Richmond) - 6/22/2013
Constructed around 1710 with an unusual H-shaped footprint by Thomas Randolph, it was the boyhood home of Thomas Jefferson when his father took over guardianship of the Randolph children.
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Virginia Randolph Cottage (Glen Allen) - 3/22/2015
This was the home economics building of the eponymous Training School, a vocational school, where the teacher educator had an office.
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Virginia State (Confederate) Capitol - 2/13/2009
Completed in 1788, this the seat of state government in the Commonwealth of Virginia and houses the oldest legislative body in the Western Hemisphere, the Virginia General Assembly.
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Westover Plantation - 6/21/2013
The mid-18th century Georgian home, seat of the Byrd family, is noteworthy for its secret passages, symmetry and balance of proportions, magnificent gardens, and architectural details.
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Williamsburg Historic District (Williamsburg) – 6/21/2013
A living-history museum representing the historic city including buildings dating from 1699 to 1780 which made colonial Virginia's capital, as well as Colonial Revival and more recent reconstructions.
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Woodrow Wilson Birthplace (Staunton) - 10/15/2010
The future President was born in “The Manse” (the name of a Presbyterian minister's home) in 1856.
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Wren Building (Williamsburg) - 6/21/2013
The much damaged and restored 1696 building, currently the signature building of the College of William and Mary, is in Flemish bond red brick typical for official buildings in 17th and 18th century Williamsburg.
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Wythe House (Williamsburg) - 6/21/2013
The home of George Wythe, signer of the Declaration of Independence and father of American jurisprudence.
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