National Historic Landmarks


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148 California National Historic Landmarks


Alcatraz Island (San Francisco) - 11/3/1993
A military and federal prison, also known as "The Rock"
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Alma (Scow Schooner)Plaque (San Francisco) - 6/24/2015
An 1891 flat-bottomed scow schooner designed to haul goods on and around San Francisco Bay
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Aquatic Park (San Francisco) - 6/24/2015
The district includes a beach, municipal pier, concessions stand, stadia, speaker towers and the Streamline Moderne-style bathhouse
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Balboa ParkPlaque (San Diego) - 5/26/1996
An urban cultural park with open space areas, natural vegetation green belts, gardens and walking paths, museums, several theaters, and the San Diego Zoo
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Balclutha (Square-Rigger) (San Francisco) - 6/24/2015
An 1886 steel-hulled full rigged ship representative of several different commercial ventures, including lumber, salmon, and grain
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Berkeley (Ferry)(San Diego) - 4/8/2019
Built in 1898, one of several ferryboats of the Southern Pacific Railroad that for sixty years operated on San Francisco Bay between the Oakland Pier and the San Francisco Ferry Building
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Big Four House (Sacramento) - 6/23/2015
Originally three separate 1851 merchants’ buildings on the Sacramento River waterfront including the Stanford Building, the Huntington & Hopkins Building, and the Miller Building, later adding Charles Crocker
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C. A. Thayer (Schooner) (San Francisco) - 6/24/2015
One of the last survivors of the sailing schooners in the west coast lumber trade to San Francisco from Washington, Oregon, and Northern California
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ColomaPlaque (Caloma) - 6/22/2015
Most noted for being the site where James W. Marshall found gold in the Sierra Nevada, at Sutter's Mill in 1848 leading to the California Gold Rush
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David B. Gamble House (Pasadena) - 5/28/1999
Designed by Greene and Greene and build in 1908 as a home for David B. Gamble of the Procter & Gamble company
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Estudillo House (San Diego) - 4/8/2019
Constructed in 1827 by José María Estudillo and his son José Antonio Estudillo, early settlers of San Diego, it was considered one of the finest houses in Mexican California
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Eureka (Double-Ended Ferry) (San Francisco) - 6/24/2015
An 1890 side-wheel paddle steamboat which carried commuters between San Francisco and Tiburon during the day and hauled railroad freight cars at night
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Folsom PowerhousePlaque (Folsom) - 6/22/2015
Built in 1895, it is one of the first alternating current hydroelectric power stations in the U.S.
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Hearst San Simeon Estate (San Simeon) - 5/19/1998
Design by Julia Morgan between 1919 and 1947 for newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearstin in various European historic architectural styles
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Hercules (Tug)Plaque (San Francisco) - 6/24/2015
A 1907 oceangoing steam tugboat
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Hubert H. Bancroft Ranch HousePlaque (Spring Valley) - 4/8/2019
The 1885-1918 home to the pioneering historian of the western United States, Mexico, and Central America
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Jeremiah O'Brien (Liberty Ship) (San Francisco) - 7/27/1989
A World War II Liberty ship named for American Revolutionary War ship captain Jeremiah O'Brien
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John Muir House (Martinez) - 5/15/2009
From 1890, the home and writing place of the naturalist
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Leland Stanford Mansion (Sacramento) - 6/22/2015
The home of the California Governor, US Senator, railroad tycoon, member of the Big Four and founder of Stanford University
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Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge - 5/13/2009
The first waterfowl refuge in the U.S. located in the Klamath Basin shallow freshwater marshes, open water, grassy uplands, and croplands
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Manzanar War Relocation Center (Independence) - 5/26/1999
One of ten camps where over 110,000 Japanese Americans were "relocated" during World War II
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Mare Island Naval Shipyard (Vallejo) - 6/23/2015
MINSY made a name for itself as the premier US West Coast submarine port as well as serving as the controlling force in San Francisco Bay Area shipbuilding efforts during World War II
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Marin County Civic CenterPlaque (San Rafael) - 6/24/2015
The expansive complex, with pink stucco walls, blue roof and scalloped balconies, and the last commission by Frank Lloyd Wright, stretches across two valleys
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Mission Beach Roller Coaster (San Diego) - 4/8/2019
A historical wooden roller coaster located in Belmont Park, built in 1925 and is also known as the Giant Dipper
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Nuestra Senora Reina de la Paz (Keene) - 4/9/2019
The property was the headquarters of the United Farm Workers (UFW), and home to César Chávez from the early 1970s until his death in 1993
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Old Mission DamPlaque (San Diego) - 4/8/2019
A historic water impoundment structure built in 1803 to impound the San Diego River to provide water for irrigation of the fields for the nearby Mission San Diego de Alcala
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Old Sacramento Historic District (Sacramento) - 6/23/2015
The preserved and restored mid-19th century city which developed out of Sutter’s Fort along the Sacramento River
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Old Scripps BuildingPlaque (La Jolla) - 4/8/2019
Built in 1909, it is the oldest oceanographic research building in continuous use in the U. S., and the historic center of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography
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Pony Express Terminal (Sacramento) - 6/23/2015
Also known as the B. F. Hastings Bank Building, this was the western endpoint of the Pony Express, and also the first location of the California Supreme Court
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Presidio of San FranciscoPlaque (San Francisco) - 6/24/2015
Originally a Spanish Fort sited by Juan Bautista de Anza in 1776, it was seized by the U.S. in 1846, and was the center for defense of the Western U.S. during World War II
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Rogers Dry Lake - 4/28/2000
A desert salt pan in the Mojave Desert and the central part of Edwards Air Force Base
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San Diego Mission Church (San Diego) - 4/8/2019
The first Franciscan mission in The Californias, it was founded in 1769 by Spanish friar Junípero Serra in an area long inhabited by the Kumeyaay people
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San Diego Presidio (San Diego) - 4/8/2019
Established in 1769, it was the base of operations for the Spanish colonization of California and the first permanent European settlement on the Pacific Coast of the present-day U. S
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San Francisco Cable Cars (San Francisco) - 10/27/1991
Started in 18783, it is the world's last permanently operational manually operated cable car system
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San Francisco Point of Embarkation (San Francisco) - 6/24/2015
The facility served as an Army post for more than 100 years, as a coastal defense site and a military port facility; during World War II, it was the principal port for the Pacific campaign
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Star of India (Bark)(San Diego) - 4/8/2019
Built in 1863 in the Isle of Man as Euterpe, a full-rigged iron windjammer ship, she sailed from Great Britain to India and New Zealand, then was a salmon hauler on the Alaska to California route before retiring in 1926
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Sutter's FortPlaque (Sacramento) - 6/23/2015
The adobe fort is famous for its association with the Donner Party, the California Gold Rush and the formation of Sacramento
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Swedenborgian ChurchPlaque (San Francisco) - 6/24/2015
The church is significant for its architecture, regarded as one of California's earliest pure Arts and Crafts buildings
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Tao House (Danville) - 5/15/2009
The home of playwright Eugene O'Neill, where he wrote many of his most memorable plays
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USS Pampanito (Submarine)Plaque (San Francisco) - 6/24/2015
A Balao-class submarine that completed six war patrols from 1944 to 1945 and served as a Naval Reserve Training ship from 1960 to 1971
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Yuma Crossing and Associated SitesPlaque - 4/7/2019
A natural crossing over the Colorado, important during the westward expansion
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