National Historic Landmarks


  Home    Travel

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut
Delaware Dist. of Col Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois
Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland
Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska
Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota
Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota
Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia
Wisconsin Wyoming

121 Virginia National Historic Landmarks


Adam Thoroughgood HousePlaque (Virginia Beach) - 6/21/2013
This is current structure was most likely the ca 1720 house of the great-grandson of Adam Thoroughgood, an indentured servant who arrived in Virginia in 1622
NHL Image
Alexandria Historic District (Alexandria) - 9/18/2017
Encompassing all of the city's Old Town and some adjacent areas, it contains one of the nation's best-preserved assemblages of the late-18th and early-19th century urban architecture
NHL Image
Aquia ChurchPlaque (Stafford)- 6/20/2013
This is an Episcopal church, established by the then-state Church of England, and designed on a relatively rare Greek Cross plan, less common for colonial churches
NHL Image
Bacon's Castle - 4/9/1998
One of the oldest dateable brick buildings in the state, the house became known as "Bacon's Castle" because it was occupied as a fort or "castle" by the followers of Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon's Rebellion in 1676
NHL Image
Balls Bluff Battlefield Historic DistrictPlaque - 6/26/2018
The Battle of Ball's Bluff was a small but consequential defeat for the Union early in the American Civil War, occurring just months after the Union Army's rout after the First Battle of Bull Run
NHL Image
Benjamin Banneker SW 9 Boundary StonePlaque (Arlington) - 1/30/2017
A surveyors' boundary marker stone, along what was once a boundary of Washington, DC, honoring the surveyor’s assistant
NHL Image
Berkeley - 2/16/1998
One of the first great estates in America, on the banks of the James River it is the ancestral home to two Presidents of the United States: William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison
NHL Image
Bruton Parish Church (Williamsburg)- 6/21/2013
An active Episcopal parish established in 1674 in the Virginia Colony
NHL Image
Cape Henry Lighthouse - 5/11/1996
The first lighthouse authorized by the U.S. government, dating from 1792, protecting shipping headed to ports on the Chesapeake Bay
NHL Image
Cedar Grove Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation - 4/8/2006
The site of the Battle of Cedar Creek, a decisive 1864 Union victory and Belle Grove, the antebellum plantation manor house of Isaac Hite
NHL Image
Christ ChurchPlaque (Alexandria) - 9/18/2017
Constructed starting 1765 as the main church in the Church of England's Fairfax Parish, the building was designed by Sir Christopher Wren descendant James Wren
NHL Image
Ellen Glasgow HousePlaque (Richmond) - 10/16/2010
The home of the Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist who portrayed the changing world of the contemporary South
NHL Image
Exchange Building (Petersburg) - 10/30/2012
This is Greek Revival structure with a Doric portico fronting part of the entrance facade built for the display of tobacco and cotton, as well a place to hold auctions and sales
NHL Image
Five Forks BattlefieldPlaque - 6/22/2013
This is the area where, late in the war, Grant's troops broke the extended lines of Lee's forces, cutting the last rail line supporting Petersburg, and undermining the defense of Richmond
NHL Image
Fort Monroe (Hampton) - 6/21/2013
Completed in 1834, it guarded the navigational channel between the Chesapeake Bay and Hampton Roads
NHL Image
Franklin and Armfield Office (Alexandria) - 9/18/2017
Built around 1810, it housed the offices of the largest slave trading firm in the antebellum south, started in 1828 by Isaac Franklin and John Armfield
NHL Image
Gadsby's TavernPlaque (Alexandria) - 9/18/2017
Built around 1785, the tavern was a central part of the social, economic, political, and educational life of the city of Alexandria, with guests including 5 Presidents and the Marquis de La Fayette
NHL Image
Gari Melchers HomePlaque (Falmouth) - 6/22/2013
Also known as Belmont, it was the home and studio of the artist, one of the leading American proponents of naturalism
NHL Image
General George C. Marshall HousePlaque (Leesburg) - 6/26/2018
Nationally significant as the home from 1941 to 1950 of the Army Chief of Staff, Secretary of State, President of the American Red Cross, and Secretary of Defense
NHL Image
George Washington Boyhood HomePlaque (Ferry Farm) - 10/16/2010
The farm and home at which Washington spent much of his childhood, along the northern bank of the Rappahannock River
NHL Image
George Washington Masonic Temple National MemorialPlaque (Alexandria) - 4/20/2017
The 333-foot Masonic building is fashioned after the ancient Lighthouse of Alexandria, dedicated in 1932 to the memory of the first President of the U.S.
NHL Image
Gerald R. Ford, Jr. HousePlaque (Alexandria) - 6/20/2013
The President and his family lived in this rectangular 2-story house from the time of its construction until the Fords moved into the White House in 1974
NHL Image
Green Springs Historic District (Green Springs) - 2/14/1998
A number of fine rural manor houses and related buildings in an intact agricultural landscape
NHL Image
Greenway Court (White Post) - 6/26/2018
The property is the site of the seat of the vast 18th-century land empire of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron
NHL Image
Hanover County CourthousePlaque (Hanover Courthouse) - 10/16/2010
An historic courthouse, built in 1735, where Patrick Henry, who lived and practiced law in Hanover County, argued the case of the Parson's Cause
NHL Image
James Monroe Law OfficePlaque (Fredericksburg) - 10/16/2010
Used by the future President from 1786 to 1789
NHL Image
James Monroe Tomb (Richmond) - 2/15/2009
The burial place for the President in Hollywood Cemetery, formed in a cast iron cage over a simple granite sarcophagus
NHL Image
James Semple House (Williamsburg) - 6/21/2013
The design of the 1770 home is attributed to Thomas Jefferson; future president John Tyler resided here while attending school
NHL Image
John Tyler House - 4/9/1998
The house at Sherwood Forest Plantation remains, at 300 feet, the longest frame house in America and was the home of the President from 1842 to his death
NHL Image
KenmorePlaque (Fredericksburg) - 10/16/2010
The home of Fielding Lewis and George Washington’s sister Betty, built in the 1770s on a 1,300-acre plantation
NHL Image
Lightship No. 101 "Portsmouth"Plaque (Portsmouth) - 6/21/2013
Built in 1915, she first served as Charles in the Chesapeake Bay outside of Cape Charles, and after a long career is dry-docked as a museum, without having served in Portsmouth
NHL Image
Maggie Lena Walker House (Richmond) - 10/4/1997
The home of the African American teacher, businesswoman and first woman to serve as president of a bank in the U.S.
NHL Image
Main Street Station and Trainshed (Richmond) - 10/16/2010
An historic railroad station and office building built in 1901 in the Second Renaissance Revival style
NHL Image
Monticello - 2/15/1998
The 1772 estate of Thomas Jefferson, designed by him based on the neoclassical principles described by Italian Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio
NHL Image
Montpelier - 10/15/2010
A large tobacco plantation and estate of the prominent Madison family of Virginia planters, including James Madison
NHL Image
Mount Vernon - 11/10/2008
The 1757 plantation home of George Washington, built of wood in neoclassical Georgian style on the banks of the Potomac River
NHL Image
New Kent School and George W. Watkins SchoolPlaque (New Kent/Quinton) - 6/20/2013
These are two historic schools associated with the landmark Supreme Court case Green v. County School Board of New Kent County (1968), in which the court defined what the standards of Brown v. Board of Education were in the desegregation cases
NHL Image
Oatlands - 6/26/2018
The plantation was established by George Carter in 1798, and the mansion house is judged one of the finest Federal period country estate houses in the nation
NHL Image
Pentagon - 8/3/2015
Built in 1941, the 6,500,000 sq ft office building is the headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense
NHL Image
Petersburg Breakthrough BattlefieldPlaque - 6/22/2013
The location of a Union army breakthrough of the Petersburg to Richmond trenches in April 1865 which lead to abandonment of Richmond by Lee, and surrender one week later
NHL Image
Peyton Randolph House (Williamsburg) - 6/21/2013
The home of Peyton Randolph, first President of the Continental Congress
NHL Image
Potomac Canal (Historic District) - 4/7/2006
The district contains the remains of an impressively engineered canal built from 1796 to 1802 beside the falls of the Potomac
NHL Image
Rising Sun TavernPlaque (Fredericksburg) - 10/16/2010
Built in 1760 as a home by George Washington’s younger brother Charles, becoming a tavern in 1792
NHL Image
Shirley - 2/16/1998
Dating back to 1614 with operations starting in 1638, the plantation is the oldest active one in Virginia
NHL Image
Skyline Drive - 10/15/2010
A 105-mile road that runs the entire length of Shenandoah National Park in the Blue Ridge Mountains
NHL Image
St. Luke’s Church (Smithfield)- 6/20/2013
This 17th century church is the oldest surviving brick church in one of the original thirteen colonies, and is the earliest extant church building of English foundation in the U.S.
NHL Image
St. Peter’s Church (New Kent) - 6/20/2013
Built in 1703, the brick in Flemish bond church was designated as "The First Church of the First First-Lady"
NHL Image
Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters (Winchester) - 4/8/2006
An antebellum home owned by Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Tilghman Moore, used as the headquarters for the Confederate Major General
NHL Image
Tredegar Iron WorksPlaque (Richmond) - 3/22/2015
Opened in 1837, it was the third-largest iron manufacturer in the U.S. during the Civil War, serving as the primary Confederate iron and artillery production facility
NHL Image
Tuckahoe PlantationPlaque (Richmond) - 6/22/2013
Constructed around 1710 with an unusual H-shaped footprint by Thomas Randolph, it was the boyhood home of Thomas Jefferson when his father took over guardianship of the Randolph children
NHL Image
Virginia Randolph CottagePlaque (Glen Allen) - 3/22/2015
This was the home economics building of the eponymous Training School, a vocational school, where the teacher educator had an office
NHL Image
Virginia State (Confederate) Capitol - 2/13/2009
Completed in 1788, this the seat of state government in the Commonwealth of Virginia and houses the oldest legislative body in the Western Hemisphere, the Virginia General Assembly
NHL Image
Waterford Historic District (Waterford) - 6/26/2018
Established around 1733, the entire village and surrounding countryside is noted for its well-preserved 18th and 19th-century character
NHL Image
Westover PlantationPlaque - 6/21/2013
The mid-18th century Georgian home, seat of the Byrd family, is noteworthy for its secret passages, symmetry and balance of proportions, magnificent gardens, and architectural details
NHL Image
Williamsburg Historic District (Williamsburg) – 6/21/2013
A living-history museum representing the historic city including buildings dating from 1699 to 1780 which made colonial Virginia's capital, as well as Colonial Revival and more recent reconstructions
NHL Image
Woodrow Wilson BirthplacePlaque (Staunton) - 10/15/2010
The future President was born in “The Manse” (the name of a Presbyterian minister's home) in 1856
NHL Image
Wren Building (Williamsburg) - 6/21/2013
The much damaged and restored 1696 building, currently the signature building of the College of William and Mary, is in Flemish bond red brick typical for official buildings in 17th and 18th century Williamsburg
NHL Image
Wythe House (Williamsburg) - 6/21/2013
The home of George Wythe, signer of the Declaration of Independence and father of American jurisprudence
NHL Image